are a number of different types of anti-malaria tablets available. Choosing one
depends upon the particular area being visited and the travellerís medical
Mefloquine is taken once a week. This should be commenced
at least one week before entering the malaria, weekly while in the malaria area
and continued for four weeks after leaving the malaria area. Mefloquine is best
taken after a meal and with liquids. Mefloquine is not suited for persons with
epilepsy, certain heart problems and depression.
Doxycycline is taken once a day, starting two days before
entering a malaria area, daily while in the malaria area and for four weeks
after leaving the malaria area. The drug should be taken after a meal, and
washed down with plenty of fluids. It should be avoided in pregnancy and
children under the age of 8.
Atovaquone-proguanil is taken once a day, starting one to
two days before entering a malaria area, daily while in the malaria area and
for seven days after leaving the malaria area.
No method of malaria
prevention is one hundred per cent effective, and there is a small chance of
contracting malaria despite the taking of anti-malaria medication and the
adoption of personal protection methods. This does not mean that malaria
medication and personal protection measures should be neglected, as they
greatly reduce your risk of getting malaria.
Any traveller developing
possible symptoms of malaria should seek medical advice despite having taken
the prescribed precautions.
Why is Malaria Dangerous
Most of the malaria found within South
Africa is caused by Plasmodium falciparum. It is potentially the most dangerous
type of malaria, and can prove rapidly fatal.
Symptoms may develop as soon as seven days after entering a malaria area and as
long as six months after leaving a malaria area. Symptoms of malaria can be
mild in the initial stages, resembling influenza.
a recent study on Medical Malaria Emergency Evacuations by Air Ambulance out of
the rest of Africa to our shores only 2% of the victims where taking any